Japanese chopsticks – part of the national Japanese culture – Japanese food Recipes
In Japan chopsticks (Hashi) came from China in the 12th century and were made of bamboo. It was believed that eating with chopsticks immortal gods and emperors. There are many variations of shapes and sizes of reusable chopsticks, which sometimes present a work of art: they are painted, lacquered, encrusted with mother-of-pearl and decorated with different patterns.
Modern Hasi are of bone, wood (bamboo, pine, cypress, plum, maple, black or purple sandalwood), round or square cross-section with a conical or pyramidal tip.
Varieties of Japanese chopsticks
Now in most restaurants of Japanese cuisine chopsticks disposable (waribashi), made of plastic. Disposable chopsticks are a relatively recent invention, which appeared at the end of last century. Often before use they should, if you haven’t already, break along.
It is believed that chopsticks are training small muscles, developing mental abilities, so in Japan are taught to deal with Hashi from an early age. Instilling in children the desire to master the chopsticks Japanese scientists consider important and relevant for your country task. Confirmation of the effectiveness of “exercise” with the sticks is the statement of researchers that the children who began to eat with Hashi right after they turned one, ahead in the development of their peers who failed to part with the spoons.
By the way, in Japan tableware (bowls for rice, soup, plates for other meals) and serving items are divided into “male” and “female”. Sticks is no exception.
Sticks to the Japanese – not only everyday is a personal thing (not usually lent to others), but also a sacred symbol.
According to legend, they bring the owner good luck and long life, and it is not surprising that Hashi is considered a nice holiday gift. For example, Hashi newlyweds present, namely the wish to be as inseparable as a pair of chopsticks. They give the baby on the 100th day since his birth, when during the ceremony “First stick” adults for the first time give it a try rice with chopsticks. Made and gift sets of chopsticks for the whole family.
In addition, there are Hashi for the New year, tea ceremony, sweets. There are sticks, invented by Rick, the founder of the tea ceremony. It is said that once he went to the forest in the morning to pick up the pieces of trees and cleared them in order to enjoy the smell of fresh wood.
Sticks served in a special paper case (Hashi, bukuro), which is often a real adornment and collectible. It can be painted with quaint figures, and may contain the logo of the restaurant.
So, if You have the art of using chopsticks, you can easily perform many useful operations: to keep the food, mix the sauce, split the pieces, grind and even cut. Fortunately, Japanese cookery rules prescribe to serve food in small pieces, so that they were easy to put in your mouth.