Wedding traditions and customs of the peoples of Central Asia
Quite exciting and interesting ceremonies and customs of the peoples of Central Asia who are associated with the matchmaking, engagement and wedding. Activities such as payment of dowry, the dowry of the bride, wedding games, the exchange of clothes between new relatives and other typical ritual actions in our time are followed with rigour.
The Central Asian peoples are traditionally developed 2 models of marriage. The first model included the so-called distant marriages, i.e. when it was forbidden to marry the relatives to the seventh generation in the male line. The second model involved the marriages among cousins, which was between the children of brothers are rare in the borders of a big family.
For Kazakhs, part of the Kirghiz and Karakalpaks typical model is the first version of the wedding. The Tajiks . Uzbeks and Turkmens also observed the second model. But the fact that the majority of the peoples of Central Asia were nomadic peoples. As a result of numerous invasions and wars they have changed the essence of family and tribal relations.
A single form for different variations of the choice of marital partner among Central Asian peoples remains a dowry, i.e. when the groom’s family to get the bride, was obliged to pay the bride’s family, the Deposit mainly in the form of livestock. Since the bride most of the family to prepare the dowry, which provided home life and clothes, and some nomads in the dowry was part and Yurt. But it is worth noting that clothing in the dowry of the bride sewed herself, where she manifested her abilities of needlework. Gradually settled peoples the bride-price was replaced by the mahr is payment for the woman in case of divorce. In the past, but still sometimes still used by tradition, when the parents agree to the wedding of their small children without dowry, this marriage is called “marriage by birth”.
Of great importance among the nomadic peoples is the ritual of the levirate. It is that after the death of her husband, the wife must marry his brother. This custom involved the preservation of the property of the widow in his clan, so to speak for economic purposes. Exists and return custom, when a widower should marry the sister of his wife. However, this custom is performed much less frequently than, the custom of levirate.
Not to mention the fact that in the region of Central Asia adopted polygamy, because in the Islamic world polygamy is a normal phenomenon and has been prevalent since ancient times.
In the basis of the structure of the wedding ritual among the Central Asian Nations are a few important stages – courtship, the wedding itself and after-the wedding ceremony of the newlyweds. The height of the wedding falls on a celebration in the bride’s family. There is the fact that Kazakhs and Kyrgyz this celebration occurs two stages: at the first – occurring premarital secret meeting of the bride and groom and one for the actual wedding in the home of the bride’s family, which repeats most of the ritual moments and smoothly into the groom’s house. The Turkmens, there is a custom of the return of the young wife’s parents house where she is as long while the husband did not pay dowry. The meeting is held in secret, so no one can see them, otherwise the husband might pay with his life.
For Central Asian peoples-universal and important moments of a wedding in the marital home are the following rituals: 3-day isolation of the bride behind the curtain, looking into the face of a young wife from the curtains. In the same house, the wife should not meet with relatives of her husband and call them by name.