Presentation “East Asia – Features of nature”
Mongolia (Mong. Mongol ULS) — a country in Eastern-Central Asia. Borders Russia on the North and China to the East, South and West. Landlocked has not. The Capital Is Ulan Bator.
Mongolia is mostly a plateau (elevated plain with smooth or wavy surface weakly divided, bounded by distinct scarps from the adjacent flat spaces.), elevated to a height of 900-1500 m above sea level
Along the border with Siberia in the Northwest of Mongolia there are several ridges, not forming a single array: Juha Khan, Ulaan Taiga of the Eastern Sayan mountains, in the North-East is the massif of Hentai, in the Central part of Mongolia is the Khangai massif, is divided into several distinct ridges.
In the landscaped grounds of the Gobi desert far from homogeneous, it includes areas of sandy, rocky, covered with small rock, flat for miles and hilly, a different color — the Mongols stand out from all the Yellow, Red and Black Gobi. Ground water sources are very rare here, but groundwater level is high.
To the East and South from Ulaanbaatar to the border with China, the Mongolian plateau height gradually decreases, and it becomes plain — a flat and smooth in the East, hilly in the South. South, South-West and South-East of Mongolia is the Gobi desert, which continues on the North Central part of China.
The rivers of Mongolia are born in the mountains. Most of them are the upper streams of the great rivers of Siberia and the Far East, carrying their water into the Arctic and Pacific oceans. The largest rivers of the country is the Selenga (in Mongolia boundaries — 600 km). The Kerulen (1100 km), Onon river (300 km), the Halhin-Gol, condo, etc.
The most affluent of the Selenga. It originates with one of the ridges of the Khangai, receives several large tributaries of the Orkhon, Hanuj-goal, the Chulutyn-Gol, Delger-Muren, etc.
River in Western and South-Western parts of the country, flowing down from the mountains, and get into intermontane basin, entering into the ocean do not have and usually end up in one of the lakes.
Flora. The natural vegetation of Mongolia corresponds to local climatic conditions. Mountains in the North-Western part of the country is covered with forests of larch, pine, cedar and various deciduous tree species. In the broad intermountain basins are excellent pasture land. River valleys have fertile soil, the rivers abound with fish. Floodplains floodplains are not uncommon.
Natural resources. Mongolia is rich in fur-bearing animals (especially a lot of marmots-many big marmots, squirrels, foxes), in some parts of the country the fur trade is an important source of income of the population. In the lakes and rivers of the Northern areas is fishing. The abundance of mineral deposits: lignite, coal, and copper-molybdenum ore, oil, deposits of tungsten and fluorspar.
– an island in the Pacific ocean, 150 km from the Eastern shores of mainland China, from which it is separated by the Taiwan Strait. Coast of the island is washed by the East China sea to the North, the South China sea and Philippine sea in the South and the Pacific ocean in the East. The largest city is Taipei. Banks cut poorly, often steep Eastern, Western canopies. Along the entire stretch of the island is covered with forest of Taiwan mountains (the highest point is mount Yushan, 3997 m); in the North — a group of extinct volcanoes, in the West, the coastal plain (it is home to 90 % of the island’s population).
Vegetation. The island is dominated by tropical rain forest, featuring a large variety of species. On the lowlands of the humid evergreen forests of pandanus, palms, bamboos, lianas; in the higher broad-leaved deciduous and mixed forests of camphor Laurel, cypress, spruce, fir, tree ferns, etc. At an altitude of 3300 m forests are replaced by shrub zones of rhododendron and Alpine meadows. The coastal plains are occupied fields of rice, sweet potato, sugar cane plantations, pineapple, etc. Along the coast — mangrove forests.