National holidays of Japan
It’s hard to find a country so rich in festivals like Japan, where nearly every day of any celebration, and even more. The celebrations are accompanied by performances, processions, music, singing, dancing, competitions, games.
The numerous parties can be divided into groups according to their origin and content. It is, above all, the New year, the “holiday of holidays”. Time complex new year holidays lasts almost the whole winter season.
Significant place in the Japanese calendar is the ancient agricultural feasts, accompanied by ancient rituals. The most striking are those that are associated with rice cultivation. Eastern aesthetics, the originality spawned a whole range of holidays in the contemplation of nature — cherry blossoms, autumn maple leaves, moon.
Many festivals in Japan dedicated to children. The most famous of these holidays girls and boys (tango-but sekku and Hina-Matsuri). In addition, children are indispensable participants of most adult of holidays.
A number of holidays originated as the memory of different historical events: gion, the Parade of the ages, etc.
In Japan officially established on 14 days off, if a holiday falls on a Sunday, it becomes a non-working day and Monday:
1 January — New year (Ganjitsu).
January 15 — coming of age Day (Seydzin-no hi). On this day, congratulations boys and girls who have reached the age of 20, give them gifts. After official ceremonies in the halls of public institutions or cultural centers for young people in festive attire visit the nearby temples.
February 11 — national Foundation Day (Ken-Keenan coke-no hi). Is actually a restored pre-war in 1966, the feast of the founding of the Empire (Kigensetsu).
March 21 — spring equinox Day (Sume-bun-no hi). Buddhist festival during which memorial services.
April 29 — greenery Day (Midori no hi). Introduced in 1989, instead of celebrating birthday of the late Emperor Hirohito.
May 3 — Constitution Day (Kempo, kinenbi). Celebrated since 1948, beginning with the first anniversary of the introduction of a new Constitution (1947), a legally established democratic transformation in the country.
May 4 — rest Day (Kyujitsu). Introduced in 1988
5 may — children’s Day (Kodomo no hi). In this day and next week everywhere — in kindergartens, schools, cultural centers — competitions, sports, Amateur performances, competitions.
September 15 — the Day of honoring the elderly (Keiro no hi). Introduced in 1965 on this day, residents who reached 100 years of age, given presents, and those who are more 100 years, sent congratulations. At the place of residence ceremonies, old people get either gifts or money for their purchase.
September 21 — autumnal equinox (Shubun-IO hee). Is similar to the Day of the vernal equinox.
10 October — Day of the athlete (Taiiku no hi). Introduced in 1966 with the aim of promoting physical culture among the population.
November 3 — culture Day (Bunka no hi). On this day various awards cultural figures.
November 23 — labor Day (Kinro Kansa no hi). Has long been celebrated as the day of the end of agricultural work and now this day is observed in all types of employment.
December 23rd — well the birthday of Emperor Akihito (Tenno, Tanjobi). On this day, visitors can enter the grounds Imperial Palace.