New year – the most favorite and fun time for the Japanese, moreover, it is one of the three major holidays of the country , along with the Foundation Day of the state and the birthday of the Emperor. In earlier times, New year was celebrated according to the lunar calendar, but since the end of XIX century it corresponded with the New year of the Gregorian calendar and the celebration of Christmas. The Japanese are preparing for the holiday ahead of time: the whole month of December of the outgoing year is busy with holiday chores and preparations.
Markets and fairs on the eve of the New year – evidence of the holiday hustle and bustle. Since the mid eighteenth century were arranged colonies of birds (tori no ichi). Special demand used the rake (kumade) – good luck charm. Popularity since the end of the nineteenth century acquired Fair of the year (Toshi no ichi), which was a buy-sell stuff (nanaka URI) in Tokyo in the Asakusa district, near the temple of the goddess Kannon. Widely was izvestnoi fair in Tokyo in Setagaya ward (Setagaya Boro-ichi), where the residents sold the unnecessary to make the purchases for the New year.
In our day of the fair has lost its former meaning and now are just Continue reading