Mongolia (Mong. Mongol ULS) — a country in Eastern-Central Asia. Borders Russia on the North and China to the East, South and West. Landlocked has not. The Capital Is Ulan Bator.
Mongolia is mostly a plateau (elevated plain with smooth or wavy surface weakly divided, bounded by distinct scarps from the adjacent flat spaces.), elevated to a height of 900-1500 m above sea level
Along the border with Siberia in the Northwest of Mongolia there are several ridges, not forming a single array: Juha Khan, Ulaan Taiga of the Eastern Sayan mountains, in the North-East is the massif of Hentai, in the Central part of Mongolia is the Khangai massif, is divided into several distinct ridges.
In the landscaped grounds of the Gobi desert far from homogeneous, it includes areas of sandy, rocky, covered with small rock, flat for miles and hilly, a different color — the Mongols stand out from all the Yellow, Red and Black Gobi. Ground water sources are very rare here, but groundwater level is high.
To the East and South from Ulaanbaatar to the border with China, the Mongolian plateau Continue reading
Wall is one of the largest and most skilled construction and technical structures in the world. It stretches from Liaodong Bay. North-East of Beijing through Northern China to the Gobi desert. Data on the length and range of different. The distance from one end to the other is 2450 km, but when you consider deviating from it other ramparts, you get 6000 – 6500 km.
Claimed in life to rule over all the kingdoms of Qin shihuang could not put up with loneliness after death. To date, the complex of tombs found ruins of more than 600 graves and crypts for the funerary objects that were buried with the deceased.
In the construction of the Imperial Palace was attended by a million construction workers and 100 other professionals – masters of stone carving, wood, artists, etc. It is the largest Palace complex in the world. Number of rooms of the Forbidden city is 9999
The temple of Heaven was built during the Ming dynasty in 1420, when Emperor Yong Le moved the capital of China from Nanjing to Beijing. In the next five centuries the winter solstice has passed the Imperial prayers with sacrifices to the glory of Heaven with the request to grant a good harvest.
The waves picked up off the coast Continue reading
New year – the most favorite and fun time for the Japanese, moreover, it is one of the three major holidays of the country , along with the Foundation Day of the state and the birthday of the Emperor. In earlier times, New year was celebrated according to the lunar calendar, but since the end of XIX century it corresponded with the New year of the Gregorian calendar and the celebration of Christmas. The Japanese are preparing for the holiday ahead of time: the whole month of December of the outgoing year is busy with holiday chores and preparations.
Markets and fairs on the eve of the New year – evidence of the holiday hustle and bustle. Since the mid eighteenth century were arranged colonies of birds (tori no ichi). Special demand used the rake (kumade) – good luck charm. Popularity since the end of the nineteenth century acquired Fair of the year (Toshi no ichi), which was a buy-sell stuff (nanaka URI) in Tokyo in the Asakusa district, near the temple of the goddess Kannon. Widely was izvestnoi fair in Tokyo in Setagaya ward (Setagaya Boro-ichi), where the residents sold the unnecessary to make the purchases for the New year.
In our day of the fair has lost its former meaning and now are just Continue reading